WHAT RESEARCH SAYS ABOUT PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN CHILDREN'S EDUCATION IN RELATION TO ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT
Did You Know? School age children spend 70% of their waking hours (including weekends and holidays) outside of school!
When Parents Should Get Involved
The earlier in a child's educational process parent involvement begins, the more powerful the effects.
The most effective forms of parent involvement are those which engage parents in working directly with their children on learning activities at home.
86% of the general public believes that support from parents is the most important way to improve the schools.
Lack of parental involvement is the biggest problem facing public schools.
Decades of research show that when parents are involved students have:
Higher grades, test scores, and graduation rates Better school attendance Increased motivation, better self-esteem Lower rates of suspension Decreased use of drugs and alcohol Fewer instances of violent behavior
Family participation in education was twice as predictive of students' academic success as family socioeconomic status. Some of the more intensive programs had effects that were 10 times greater than other factors.
The more intensely parents are involved, the more beneficial the achievement effects.
The more parents participate in schooling, in a sustained way, at every level -- in advocacy, decision-making and oversight roles, as fund-raisers and boosters, as volunteers and paraprofessionals, and as home tteachers -- the better for student achievement.
Parent Expectations and Student Achievement
The most consistent predictors of children's academic achievement and social adjustment are parent expectations of the child's academic attainment and satisfaction with their child's education at school.
Parents of high-achieving students set higher standards for their children's educational activities than parents of low-achieving students.
Major Factors of Parent Involvement
Three major factors of parental involvement in the education of their children:
Parents' beliefs about what is important, necessary and permissible for them to do with and on behalf of their children;
The extent to which parents believe they can have a positive influence on their children's education; and
Parents' perceptions that their children and school want them to be involved.
Types of Involvement
Although many parents do not know how to help their children with their education, with guidance and support the parents can become increasingly involved in home learning activities and find opportunities to teach, guide and be models for their children.
When schools encourage children to practice reading at home with parents, the children make significant gains in reading achievement compared to those who only practice at school.
Parents who read to their children, have books available in the home, take trips, guide TV watching and provide stimulating experiences contribute to student achievement.